Los choques traseros se encuentran entre los tipos más comunes de accidentes automovilísticos. Una colisión trasera ocurre cuando un conductor golpea a otro vehículo desde atrás en el mismo carril de viaje. Los choques traseros tienden a ser algunos de los accidentes automovilísticos más directos en cuanto a determinar la responsabilidad.
Sin embargo, a veces no siempre es tan fácil determinar la falla en una colisión trasera. Es importante entender qué escenarios presentan problemas para probar la responsabilidad, de modo que esté preparado si alguna vez se encuentra en esta situación. Un abogado calificado en accidentes automovilísticos puede examinar cuidadosamente los detalles de su caso para determinar la mejor estrategia para el éxito. Esto es lo que debe saber sobre la determinación de fallas en una colisión trasera.
La responsabilidad en una colisión trasera suele ser fácil de determinar
Cuando se produce una colisión trasera, la parte responsable suele ser aparente. En la gran mayoría de los casos, el conductor del vehículo en la parte posterior es la persona responsable del accidente. Típicamente, el conductor en la parte posterior podría haber hecho y debería haber hecho algo diferente para detenerse antes y prevenir la colisión.
Los conductores deben dejar suficiente distancia de seguimiento
La ley de Nevada requiere que los conductores dejen una distancia de seguimiento suficiente entre ellos y el vehículo frente a ellos. Un conductor debe dejar suficiente espacio para detener su vehículo si el vehículo en la parte delantera se detiene repentinamente. Dicho de otra manera; Los conductores deben dejar mucho tiempo de reacción.
Nevada law 484B.127 requires drivers to leave a reasonable and prudent distance between their vehicle and any vehicle in front of them. If a driver does not leave enough following distance and a crash occurs, they are not only violating Nevada law, but it is also proof that they acted negligently.
When the driver in the back can’t be held accountable
There are some situations where the driver in the rear may not be responsible for a rear-end collision. It is possible that a rear end driver is not at fault or only partially at fault in any of the following situations:
- Multiple vehicles are involved, and another car pushed your vehicle forward
- The driver in front accelerated in reverse.
- One or both taillights are not working on the vehicle in front
- A vehicle stops on the road.
- The vehicle in front has a flat tire or other malfunction, but the driver does not turn on the hazard lights
- A faulty vehicle design or manufacturing problem suddenly prevents the driver from stopping. In this case, the vehicle manufacturer could be the responsible party.
What about multi-vehicle collisions?
Sometimes a rear-end collision occurs with more than two vehicles. Three, four or more cars can create a stack. When this happens, a vehicle may allow enough distance to stop and stop in time only to be pushed toward the vehicle in front of them by the next vehicle behind them. In that case, the driver who stopped is not responsible for the collision.
Modified comparative negligence
In a rear-end collision, comparative negligence may be a consideration. Comparative negligence is especially relevant when there is a backlog of multiple vehicles that lags other vehicles. When that happens, you can still recover for your damages as long as you are no more at fault than the rest of the parties put together. In that case, the jury has to weigh all the evidence and assign blame.
Duty and breach of duty
Liability in a rear-end collision falls under the duty of care that all drivers have to other drivers on the road. You are required to drive in a way that is unlikely to pose a risk to other drivers. That means you need to anticipate when the car in front of you could suddenly stop or even stop at a red light or stop sign. Every driver of a vehicle must drive reasonably and safely. When they don’t, and the failure results in a collision, they are liable for damages.
However, this breach of duty is a requirement to determine liability for a rear-end collision. A driver is not automatically liable just because he is the vehicle in the back. In most cases, the driver in the rear is the one causing the rear collision, but this is not always true.
How do I prove liability in a rear-end collision?
When you are in a rear-end collision, it is up to you to prove the responsibility of the other drivers. There are several ways you could make your case. You can rely on the eyewitness testimony of other people who saw the accident. You can check the police report to see if it contains useful evidence, such as drawings of the events that led to the collision or names and contact information for witnesses. You can also look at skid marks and debris.
In some cases, it may be necessary to use the services of an accident reconstruction expert. They may be able to assess the damage and other evidence to determine the speed at the time of the collision and other critical details that can help you prove your case. Finally, if the cause of the accident in your case could be a faulty design or a manufacturing defect, you may need to have your vehicle inspected by a professional and do an investigation to see if other drivers have had similar problems.
What can an attorney do to help?
When you are involved in a rear end collision, your car accident attorney can help you solve the problem. While the driver in the rear is generally at fault in a rear-end accident, he is not always at fault. Your attorney can help you examine your case to determine liability. Whether you rely on witnesses and photographs or need an inspection or accident reconstruction expert, your attorney can be your guide as you work to obtain justice in your case.
Once you have identified the fault in your case, your attorney can help you file your claim. They may have to write a demand letter to the insurance company on your behalf. They can also give you knowledgeable and experienced advice on whether to accept a settlement offer or proceed to trial. At every stage of the case, your experienced car accident attorney is your advocate, guide, and teammate as you work together to achieve the right outcome.